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Chicago Notes-Bibliography (Turabian) Format
The discipline of History uses Chicago style for citing sources. Use the format for footnotes/endnotes, not parenthetical citations.
Use the N format for footnotes/endnotes, and B for a bibliographic entry. Some of the major differences between the formats are:
Indentation: The first line of a footnote is indented, while subsequent lines are not. Conversely, the first line of a bibliographic citation is not indented, while subsequent lines are.
Name Order: Footnotes list author as first name last name, whereas bibliographic citations list author as last name, first name.
Punctuation: Footnotes use more commas and bibliographic citations use more periods.
The following examples of the most commons types of citations are taken/adapted directly from the 16th edition of the Chicago manual. For additional examples, consult chapter 14 (pages 653-784) or the online Chicago Quick Guide.